Trang chủ » Thư viện giáo dục » Lớp 12 » Tiếng Anh » Unit 1: Home Life Vocabulary

Bài học Unit 1 Home Life phần Vocabulary sẽ giúp bạn hệ thống lại toàn bộ từ vựng và chủ đề ngữ pháp, qua đó giúp bạn dễ dàng tra cứu và ghi nhớ bài học. Đây là chương mở đầu của chương trình Tiếng Anh lớp 12 trong series luyện thi tiếng Anh THPTQG xoay quanh chủ đề cuộc sống và gia đình.

1/ Vocabulary (Phần từ vựng)

Từ vựngLoại từPhiên âmÝ nghĩa
night shiftn/naɪt ʃɪft/ca đêm
biologyn/bai’ɔləʤi/sinh vật/ sinh học
biologistn/bai’ɔlədʒist/nhà sinh vật học
biologicaladj/baɪəˈlɒdʒɪkl/thuộc về sinh học
labn/læb/phòng thí nghiệm
household chores/ˈhaʊshəʊld tʃɔːrs/công việc nhà
rushv /rʌʃ/ vội vàng
responsibilityn/rɪˌspɑːnsəˈbɪləti/sự trách nhiệm
responsibleadj/rɪˈspɑːnsəbl/chịu trách nhiệm
pressuren/ˈpreʃə(r)/sức ép, áp lực
(be) under pressuredưới sức ép, áp lực
mischievousadj/ˈmɪstʃɪvəs/nghịch ngợm, tinh ranh
mischiefn/ˈmɪstʃɪf/sự nghịch ngợm
obedientadj/əˈbiːdiənt/vâng lời
disobedientadj/ˌdɪsəˈbiːdiənt/không vâng lời
obediencen/əˈbiːdiəns/sự vâng lời
obeyv/əˈbeɪ/vâng lời, nghe lời
close – knitadj/ˌkləʊs ˈnɪt/quan hệ khăng khít, đoàn kết chặt chẽ
supportiveadj /səˈpɔːtɪv/sự hỗ trợ, sự giúp đỡ
supportv/səˈpɔːt/hỗ trợ, giúp đỡ
franklyadv/ˈfræŋkli/cởi mở, bộc trực, thẳng thắn
frankadj/fræŋk/thẳng thắn
solvev/sɒlv/giải quyết
solutionn/səˈluːʃn/sự giải quyết
secureadj/sɪˈkjʊə(r)/an toàn
securityn/sɪˈkjʊərəti/sự an toàn
(be) crowded withđông đúc
well – behavedadj/ˌwel bɪˈheɪvd/cư xử đúng mực, biết điều
confidencen/ˈkɒnfɪdəns/sự tự tin, sự tin tưởng
confident adj/ˈkɒnfɪdənt/tự tin, tin tưởng
basen/beɪs/nền tảng
hard-workingadj/ˌhɑːd ˈwɜːkɪŋ/chăm chỉ

2/ Phrases, phrasal Verb (Cụm từ & Cụm động từ)

  • Join hands =  work together: cùng làm việc, chung sức, cùng nhau
  • Do/ share/ run the household: làm, chia sẻ, trông nom gia đình
  • Make sure that: chắc chắn
  • Give someone a hand = help someone: giúp ai đó
  • Make a decision = make up one’s mind: quyết định
  • Help with Sth: Giúp làm việc gì
  • Take out= Remove: rời, mang bỏ
  • Look after = take care of: chăm sóc, trông nom
  • Supportive of one another: hỗ trợ lẫn nhau
  • Come up= appear: xuất hiện
  • Come up with (an idea): nảy ra ( một ý tưởng)
  • A family of five people: gia đình có 5 người
  • Work as a nurse: là 1 y tá
  • Go/ Rush/ Leave home: về, vội vã về, rời nhà
  • Under (high) pressure: dưới áp lực
  • Unlike most men: không giống hầu hết những người đàn ông khác
  • In my attempt (effort) to win a place at a university: trong nỗ lực để vào được đại học
  • “Men build the house and women make it home”: đàn ông xây nhà, đàn bà xây tổ ấm

3/ Structures (Cấu trúc)

Be responsible for = Take the responsibility for N/ Ving: Có trách nhiệm làm gì

Ex: I’m responsible for taking out the garbage

I take the responsibility for taking out the garbage.

By the time S + V: trước lúc ai đó làm gì…

Ex: By the time they arrive, he will have already left.

Be willing to + V: sẵn lòng làm gì

S + aux not+ V until N/ S + V: không làm gì cho tới tận khi

Ex: He doesn’t come home until very late at night.

She can not finish it until her father helps her.

It + be+ Adv + P2 (said/ believed) that S + V : nó được nói / tin rằng

Ex: It is generally believed that….

Be the first/ second/ third N to V: là.. thứ mấy làm gì

Ex: My mother is always the first person to get up in the morning.

S + be + superlative (the…est/ most…) S have + P2 : … nhất mà ai đó từng….

Ex: His eel soup is the best soup I have ever eaten. 

She is the most intelligent girl I have ever met.

4/ Luyện tập

4.1/ Phần bài tập

4.1.1/ Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest

A. hospitalB. mischievousC. supportiveD. special
A. familyB. wheneverC. obedientD. solution
A. biologistB. generallyC. responsibleD. security
A. confidentB. importantC. togetherD. exciting
A. possibleB. universityC. secondaryD. suitable

4.1.2/ Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one.

  1. They are not allowed to go out in the evening by their parents.
  2. Their parents do not want them to go out in the evening.
  3. Their parents never let them to go out in the evening.
  4. Going out in the evening is permitted by their parents.
  5. Although their parents do not allow, they still go out in the evening.
  6. Although my parents are busy at work, they try to find time for their children.
  7. My parents are so busy at work that they cannot find time for their children.
  8. Busy at work as my parents are, they try to find time for their children.
  9. My parents are too busy at work to find time for their children.
  10. My friends rarely have time for their children because they are busy at work.
  11. His eel soup is better than any other soups I have ever eaten.
  12. Of all the soups I have ever eaten, his eel soup is the best.
  13. I have ever eaten many soups that are better than his eel soup.
  14. His eel soup is the worst of all soups I have eaten.
  15. His eel soup is good but I have ever eaten many others better.
  16. She gets up early to prepare breakfast so that her children can come to school on time.
  17. Despite her getting up early to prepare breakfast, her children cannot come to school on time. .
  18. Because she wanted her children to come to school on time, she gets up early to prepare breakfast.
  19. If she does not get up early to prepare breakfast, her children will not come to school on time.
  20. Unless she gets up early to prepare breakfast, her children will not come to school on.
  21. The last time I went to the museum was a year ago.
  22. I have not been to the museum for a year.
  23. A year ago, I often went to the museum.
  24. My going to the museum lasted a year.
  25. At last I went to the museum after a year.

4.1.3/ Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Every family has its quirks. Mine is no different. I was born in an Italian- American family in 1973. We follow the classic stereotype. My father works and my mother stays home with the kids. There are certain things that we remember from our childhood: phrases, jokes, movies. But one piece of advice that sticks with me from an early age comes from my mother. 

“Don’t finish your food or you will never get married.” It was an illogical jump from the idea that a “lady” is not a glutton and therefore will not finish the food on her plate or take the last cookie off of the platter. A “lady” especially a young lady must never appear hungry. If she did, she would not be an ideal candidate for a wife. 

To this day, I do not finish what is on my plate and I will never eat the last of anything.

It is not a conscience thing. When 1 think about it, 1 make a point to finish the food on my plate, there is still some teenage rebellion against mom in this thirty-four year-old body, but the thought of not finishing is so ingrained that I rarely think about it.

When my husband and I are at dinner, he will gesture to something on the table and say, “Finish your food” and 1 will respond, “I can’t, I’ll never get married.” That always makes him laugh and say, “So what have these last six years been?” But for me it is something special that I will carry around with me – something that is my family. My brother remembers the phrase and he admits that in his dating days he did watch to see if any of the girls would take the last piece of pie or pizza. I think he fell in love with his fiancé because she would eat whatever she wanted to and do not worry about anyone judging her for it. As I embark on starting my own family, I wonder what I will tell my daughter. Will I encourage her to finish every last piece? Or will I continue to the legacy of my mother and tell her not eat the last piece lest she not get married? Will she one day laugh to her girlfriends about her mother leaving one granola bar, one piece of cheese, or one rice cake alone in their bags?

  1. The writer’s mother never let her eat the last piece of food on her plate.
  2. True b. False c. No information
  3. All the mothers in the world never let t4eir daughter eat the last piece of food on their plate.
  4. True b. False c. No information
  5. The writer often eats up all she has on her Plate and up to now she is still single.
  6. True b. False c. No information
  7. The writer does not believe in what her mother has said but she considers her mother’s words something special.
  8. True b. False c. No information
  9. The writer has two sons.
  10. True b. False c. No information

4.1.4/ Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.

On December 10, 2006, I was going through some hard time. The landlady did not want to release the house any more so I had to (1) _____ and only had one month to find a place. Because Christmas was coming and it was difficult for me to (2) _____ a suitable accommodation. I had only some money (3) _____. I could not buy a Christmas tree and some presents for my three boys, (4) _____ I had to use the money to find a place to live. Tome, it broke my heart as I could not prepare the Christmas for my three boys. I have been their only parent since my husband (5) _____ away two years ago. I was so sad and everything was getting on my nerves. Although I managed to solve the problem myself I could not help (6) _____ my sons about the things. When I suddenly woke up at midnight, I found my eldest son was sitting (7) _____me. He kissed me and said, “Don’t worry, Mum. We love you very much and always stand by you (8) ____ happens.” At the moment I started weeping, grabbed him and kissed him. His words and love made me (9) _____ all about what I was stressing about.

In fact ever since that moment, I have realized that I can overcome any problems thanks to my sons’ love. The most important thing of my life is that my boys are safe and healthy, and they bring me joy all the time. The memory (10) _____ me that nothing really matters, when I have the love of my children.

A. becauseB. althoughC. as thoughD. change
A. byB. convertC. findD. forgetting
A. forgetB. mindsC. forgotD. however
A. leaveB. nextC. has passedD. if
A. noticeB. passedC. leavingD. left
A. passesB. to forgetC. moveD. misses
A. remembersB. to leaveC. overD. see
A. tellB. to tellC. remindsD. telling
A. transferB. watchC. toldD. up
A. wheneverB. whateverC. whoeverD. was passing

4.2/ Phần đáp án

4.2.1/ Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest

1 – C2 – A3 – B4 – A5 – B

4.2.2/ Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one

1 – B2 – B3 – A4 – B5 – A

4.2.3/ Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer

1 – A2 – B3 – B4 – A5 – C

4.4/ Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase

1 – C2 – D3 – D4 – A5 – B
6 – D7 – A8 – B9 – A10 – C

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Quiz:

Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.

Welcome to your Unit 1: Home life

You are old enough to take _______ for what you have done.
These quick and easy _______ can be effective in the short term, but they have a cost.
John is _______ only child in his family so his parents love him a lot.
According to the boss, John is the most _______ for the position of executive secretary.
She got up late and rushed to the bus stop.
Billy, come and give me a hand with cooking.
Whenever problems come up, we discuss them frankly and find solutions quickly.
What are the _______ of that country? - I think it is some kinds of cheese and sauces.
Peter tried his best and passed the driving test at the first _______.
Where is Jimmy? - He is ____ work. He is busy ____ his monthly report.
With greatly increased workloads, everyone is _______ pressure now.
We are not allowed _______ jeans at school.
Sometimes I do not feel like _______ to my sibling about my troubles.

The worker was _______ his boss expected, so he was offered a raise.

John _______ a respectful and obedient student.

Trả lời

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